Author: Kit Kilroy
Today we're going to cover the basics of a sometimes overwhelming question: What are the different types of coffee beans? There's a lot to it, but here we're going to break it down.
Because the most crucial component of any cafe is (without a doubt) the coffee, knowing what's what when it comes to beans is your key to success.
It is the thing that keeps your coffee shop going, the thing customers will want every day, and the thing that can make you a lot of money in the long run. If you do it right.
Make a lousy cup of coffee, and you’ll lose a customer forever. So before you try to skimp on it, take the time to learn everything you can about what makes a quality cup. Especially in Australia, coffee standards are sky-high, so knowing every little detail that makes a difference is essential to selling a brew that people will crave.
While hiring a superstar barista and having a high-quality espresso machine will get you started, it all comes down to the beans. You wouldn’t expect bad fruit to make a fantastic smoothie, and it’s much the same with coffee.
Great beans = great coffee.
But how do you know which beans are great? It’s all about knowledge.
To get a breakdown about everything coffee-bean-related you need to know, keep reading. We’ll break down the different types of coffee beans, including varieties and roasts to give you the essential information for that knockout brew.
The two most typically sold types of coffee beans are
Though there are other varieties out there, most cafes typically sell either one or both of these types. If you want to think of the difference easily, imagine drinking a flat white from your favourite cafe, versus mixing a spoon of the freeze-dried instant coffee into hot water.
While arabica has become synonymous with high-quality, delicious coffee, robusta can make some excellent espresso coffee as well. If you have high-quality robusta beans, these can make strong, sharp espressos with a fantastic crema. However, keep in mind that robusta will be far more bitter and contain more caffeine.
In addition to understanding the different types of coffees, knowing about the varieties is essential as well. Just like there are countless varieties of wine (Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, etc.), coffee varieties differ similarly.
Before brewing, coffee beans must first be roasted. Once roasted, the flavour comes out, and the beans are then ready to be made into the coffee drinks we all know and love. Different roasts create different results in colour, taste and smell. These are the results you can expect from different roasts.
In addition to the different roasts, blends can also be made combining two or more different roasts. Depending on the type of bean used and roasts combined, this can make for a unique flavour. Cafes might experiment with different blends for a signature cup of coffee that their customers love.
Now that you know all about the different types of beans, you can start perfecting Australia's favourite coffee orders. With this knowledge in your back pocket, it won't take long for your coffee shop to rise to the next level.
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